[Chemistry] Isotopes, Isobars , % Composition, Empirical & Molecular Formulae

ISOTOPES:

Isotopes are atoms of the same element having different atomic masses.

EXPLANATION

  • All atoms of the same element possess identical number of protons. However, they may have different number of neutrons.
  • This phenomenon is termed as isotopy and the atoms of the same element having the same number of protons but different number of neutrons are termed as isotopes.
  • The isotopes of the same element have the same chemical properties due to possession of identical number of electrons.

EXAMPLE

  • Hydrogen possess three isotopes which are; Protium, Deuterium and tritium.
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