- Water is the medium of life and is the most abundant compound in all organisms.
- It is the most important component of the cell, typically forming between 70% to 95% of the mass of the cell.
- Almost all reactions of the cell occur in the presence of water, taking part in various biochemical processes such as hydrolysis of macromolecules.
The following are some important properties of water holding biochemical significance.
WATER AS A SOLVENT:
- Due to the polar nature of water, it acts as an excellent solvent for polar molecules and ions