[Biology] Factors Affecting Enzyme Action & Enzyme Inhibition

INTRODUCTION

  • The functional specificity of every enzyme is the consequence of its specific chemistry and configuration.
  • Any factor that can alter the chemistry and shape of an enzyme can affect the rate of catalysis.
  • Some of the important factors that can affect the rate of enzyme action are as follows;

ENZYME CONCENTRATION

  • The rate of reaction depends directly on the concentration of enzyme present at a specific time at unlimited substrate concentration.
  • If the concentration of enzymes is increased by two-folds, the reaction rate is doubled.

EXPLANATION

  • By increasing the concentration of enzyme molecules, an increase in the number of active sites take place.
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