[Biology] Cell Theory and basic structure of cell

THE CELL

  • Cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life.
  • Cell is the smallest unit that can carry out all activities of life
  • Cells act as building blocks that combine to form complex multicellular organisms.

DISCOVERY OF CELL:

  • Cell was discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665
  • Robert Hooke prepared and studied a piece of cork under his self-made compound microscope.
  • He observed that the cork was composed minute honey-comb shaped compartments which he termed as cells.
  • The name cell was coined by Robert Hooke which was published in his work named “Micrographia”
  • Cooke concluded cell to be an empty space bounded by thick walls.

DISCOVERY OF LIVING CELL:

Antony Van Leeuwenhoek was the first person to observe a living cell under the microscope. He observed bacteria under his self-made microscope and laid the foundations for microbiology

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